Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the MEDIS Study
DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2014.897678
Title: Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the MEDIS Study
Journal Title: Women & Health
Volume: Volume 54
Issue: Issue 5
Publication Date: July 2014
Start Page: 389
End Page: 401
Published online: 7 Jul 2014
ISSN: 0363-0242
Author: Ioanna G. Tsiligianni MD, MPH, PhDab*, Stefanos Tyrovolas PhDcd, Vassiliki Bountziouka PhDc, Akis Zeimbekis MDe, Efthimios Gotsis MScc, George Metallinos MDc, Dimitra Tyrovola MDc, Evangelos Polychronopoulos MD, PhDc, Christos Lionis MD, PhDa & Demosthenes Panagiotakos PhDc
a Clinic of Social and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
b Agia Barbara Health Care Centre, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
c Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece
d Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
e Health Center of Kalloni, General Hospital of Mitilini, Mitilini, Greece
Abstract: Data regarding the factors associated with Depressive symptoms are limited, especially in postmenopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent Depressive symptoms were present in postmenopausal women, to explore characteristics associated with Depressive symptoms and to determine if time since menopause was independently associated with Depressive symptoms. Data collected within the Mediterranean Islands (MEDIS) Study, a health and nutrition survey of elderly people living on Mediterranean islands was used. A total of 851 postmenopausal women living in various Greek islands, Cyprus, and Malta participated in the study. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Age-adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that a year’s increase in the time since menopause increased the likelihood of postmenopausal women having severe Depressive symptoms by 3% (odds ratio [OR] per 1 year = 1.03, 95% CI 1.001–1.05). This positive association was also evident when other potential confounding factors (i.e, living conditions, financial status, physical activity, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, smoking habits, and several clinical conditions) were also taken into account in multivariable analyses. Primary health care practitioners and public health care authorities could use the findings of this study to identify Depressive symptoms early in postmenopausal women.
Accepted: 14 Feb 2014

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