Correlates of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores in Women in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2014.972020
Title: Correlates of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores in Women in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Journal Title: Women & Health
Volume: Volume 55
Issue: Issue 1
Publication Date: January 2015
Start Page: 103
End Page: 117
Published online: 8 Jan 2015
ISSN: 0363-0242
Author: AlJohara M. Alquaiz MD, MSc, MRCGPab, Ambreen Kazi MBBS, MCPS, FCPSa*, Riaz Qureshi MBBS, DTM&H, MRCGP, FRCGPab, Amna Rehana Siddiqui MBBS, MCPS, MSPH, FCPS, PhDab, Amr Jamal MD, SBFM, ABFM, MRCGP, GCCI, MBIab & Shaffi Ahamed Shaik MSc, MPhil, PhDab
a Princess Nora Bent Abdullah Research Chair for Women’s Health, Deanship of Research Chairs, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
b Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Abstract: Saudi Arabia has a high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. We measured Cardiovascular (CVD) risk scores and determined the factors associated with them in women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted on 291 women aged ≥30 years. Information was collected on socio-demographics and physical health status. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were taken. Physical activity was measured using Kaiser’s Physical Activity Survey and Godin’s Leisure Time Exercise questionnaire. CVD risk scores were calculated using the non-laboratory-based Framingham Risk (FRS) prediction model for primary care. FRS scores ranged from 0.50 to 21.9. A total of 2.7% (n = 8) of women had a high FRS score (>20), 5.5% (n = 16) had intermediate scores (11–20), and 91.8% (n = 267) of women had low scores (<10) CVD risk scores. Multiple linear regression results indicated that a one-unit change in physical activity (household/caregiver index), strenuous exercise, waist circumference, number of children, television watching, and knee pain were significantly associated with ?0.20 (p < .01), ?0.12 (p = .03), 0.19 (p = .001), 0.29 (p < .01), 0.13 (p = .04), and 0.11 (p = .05) unit change in CVD risk scores, respectively. Household activities and strenuous exercise had a protective role in females in relation to CVD risk. Programs recommending physical activity at all levels should be encouraged.
Accepted: 14 Mar 2014

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