Stages in the Development of the Boxer Movement and Their Characteristics
DOI: 10.2753/CSH0009-4633200304113
Title: Stages in the Development of the Boxer Movement and Their Characteristics
Journal Title: Chinese Studies in History
Volume: Volume 20
Issue: Issue 3-4
Publication Date: April 1987
Start Page: 113
End Page: 136
Published online: 8 Dec 2014
ISSN: 0009-4633
Author: Qi Qizhang
Abstract: The Boxer movement had distinct Stages, but the developmental process has been overlooked in other studies. A tendency exists to equate a particular stage of the movement's origins with its whole history. Consequently, many issues have become difficult to resolve. Only when we grasp the internal relations of these various Stages can we derive some general notions about the Boxer movement. This article approaches the development of the Boxers by dividing the whole movement into three Stages, defined and illustrated below.

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