Unforgiveness, rumination, and depressive symptoms among older adults
DOI: 10.1080/13607860903483136
Title: Unforgiveness, rumination, and depressive symptoms among older adults
Journal Title: Aging & Mental Health
Volume: Volume 14
Issue: Issue 4
Publication Date: May 2010
Start Page: 439
End Page: 449
Published online: 6 May 2010
ISSN: 1360-7863
Author: Berit Ingersoll-Daytona*, Cynthia Torgesb & Neal Krausec
a School of Social Work , University of Michigan , 1080 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
b Human Development and Family Science , North Dakota State University , Fargo, North Dakota, USA
c School of Public Health , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Abstract: The experience of feeling unforgiven for past transgressions may contribute to depressive symptoms in later life. This article tests a model in which feeling unforgiven by God and by other people have direct effects on depressive symptoms while self-Unforgiveness and rumination mediate this relationship. The sample consisted of 965 men and women aged 67 and older who participated in a national probability sample survey, the Religion, Aging, and Health survey. Results from a latent variable model indicate that Unforgiveness by others has a significant direct effect on depressive symptoms and an indirect effect via self-Unforgiveness and rumination. However, rather than having a direct effect on depressive symptoms, Unforgiveness by God operates only indirectly through self-Unforgiveness and rumination. Similarly, self-Unforgiveness has an indirect effect on depressive symptoms through rumination.
Accepted: 29 Oct 2009

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