The Risk Management Paradox for Urban Recreation and Park Managers: Providing high risk recreation within a risk management context
DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2007.9686752
Title: The Risk Management Paradox for Urban Recreation and Park Managers: Providing high risk recreation within a risk management context
Journal Title: Annals of Leisure Research
Volume: Volume 10
Issue: Issue 1
Publication Date: January 2007
Start Page: 3
End Page: 25
Published online: 19 Sep 2011
ISSN: 1174-5398
Affiliations:
a School of Environmental Science , Charles Sturt University , Albury, Australia
Abstract: This discussion explores the relationship between adventure ideology (meeting the challenge, overcoming the odds, being responsible for one's own actions and experiencing the full meaning of freedom and choice) and adventure practice which in a social climate of individualism has not only necessitated the need to hold persons accountable but in turn has spawned the growth of a Risk management industry. While Risk, as a negative concept, can be applied to nearly every human action of which the consequences are uncertain, as a component of recreation it is a positive concept and represents a socially acceptable opportunity to engage in behaviours which have Risk as an associated, and sometimes, important element. However, the political/institutional need to make environments safe through regulation on the one hand and the increasing public desire to be stimulated through controlled doses of Risk‐taking on the other, presents the urban recreation manager with a paradox. To explore this paradox through the literature the meaning of adventure and Risk in outdoor recreation is clarified by reviewing the context in which we confront Risk in our daily lives, the criteria used to separate adventure and Risk recreations from those not normally associated with Risk‐taking, the antecedent concepts associated with Risk‐taking, and the relationship between Risk participation in recreation and Risk management.

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