Exercise Intensity and Pacing Strategy of Cross-country Skiers during a 10 km Skating Simulated Race
DOI: 10.1080/15438627.2015.1005298
Title: Exercise Intensity and Pacing Strategy of Cross-country Skiers during a 10 km Skating Simulated Race
Journal Title: Research in Sports Medicine: An International Journal
Volume: pages 1-14
Issue: pages 1-14
Publication Date: pages 1-14
Start Page: pages1-14
End Page: pages1-14
ISSN: 1543-8627
Author: Damiano Formentia*, Alessio Rossia, Giovanna Calogiurib, Tor Oskar Thomassenc, Raffaele Scuratia & Andi Weydahlc
Affiliations:
a Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, via G. Colombo, 71, 20133 – Milano (Italy)
b Department of Dental Care and Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Hedmark University College, Hamarveien, 112, 2411 – Elverum (Norway)
c Department of Sports, UiT Arctic University of Norway, Follumsvei 31, N-9509 – Alta (Norway)
Abstract: The aim of this study was to observe the cardiovascular demands by monitoring the heart rate (HR) and the pacing strategy by evaluating the speed during a simulated cross-country skiing race. Eleven skiers (16.45 ± 1.67 yrs; 21.32 ± 2.03 kg m2; 72.35 ± 4.69 mL min1 kg1) competed in a 10km event divided into four laps. The HR profile was classified into four intensity zones. The skiers spent 66.84 ± 23.64% and 31.82 ± 23.77% of the total time above 90% and at 80 – 90% of the HRmax respectively, whereas the lower zones were negligible. During the event, a progressive increase in intensity was observed: HRmean raised by 2.42% in the last versus the first lap (p < 0.001). The skiers decreased their speed in the second (p = 0.017) and the third laps (p < 0.001) compared to with the first lap. In the fourth lap the skiers increased the speed slightly but without statistical difference. The speed maintained by the skiers resulted in the adoption of a reverse J-shaped pacing strategy.
Accepted: 6 Oct 2014

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