Is Tourist a Secular Pilgrim or a Hedonist in Search of Pleasure?
DOI: 10.1080/02508281.2014.11081769
Title: Is Tourist a Secular Pilgrim or a Hedonist in Search of Pleasure?
Journal Title: Tourism Recreation Research
Volume: Volume 39
Issue: Issue 2
Publication Date: January 2014
Start Page: 235
End Page: 267
Published online: 12 Jan 2015
ISSN: 0250-8281
Author: Dan Knox Senior Lecturer in Tourism and Events Managementa, Kevin Hannam Professor of Tourismb, Peter Jan Margry Senior Research Fellowc, Daniel H. Olsen Associate Professord & Noel B. Salazar Research Professor of Anthropologye
a Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol, BS16 1QY, UK. e-mail:
b Leeds Metropolitan University, Carnegie Faculty, International Centre for Research in Events, Tourism & Hospitality (ICRETH), Cavendish 111, Headingley Campus, Leeds, LS6 3QU, UK. e-mail:
c Meertens Institute, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, PO Box 94264, 1090 GG Amsterdam, the Netherlands. E-mail:
d Department of Geography, Brandon University, Room 4ndash;10, John R. Brodie Science Centre, 270 18
th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada R7A 6A9. e-mail:
e Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Leuven, Parkstraat 45, bus 3615, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium, e-mail:
Abstract: lusive department is created to include findings of special significance and to identify areas of subtle research nuances through mutual debates, discourse and discussions. Elenctic method is used wherein knowledge progresses through articulation, aoss-examination and rejection of spurious hypotheses. Thus, probe aims at encowaging scholars to think against the grain by unmasking the stereotype and dogmatic that has taken the mould of research conservatism. Contact the Editor-in-chief for more details.The metaphor of the Tourist as pilgrim and tourism as a pilgrimage has been an important idea in tourism studies, reproduced in both academic and popular accounts with varying degrees of criticality. This research probe considers a number of different ways of thinking through the degree to which Tourists could be said to be either secular pilgrims or hedonists in search of pleasure. As such it considers the meanings, uses and potential extensions of metaphors of pilgrimage and how these relate to religion, to tourism and to hedonism, as well as how all of these categories interconnect. There is no unity of approach to this question among the authors here and this on the whole makes for a lively and stimulating debate. Knox and Hannam extend the metaphor of the pilgrim into the realm of hedonistic tourism through an account of popular and mass Tourist practice which considers the role of religion and spirituality as objects of Tourist practice. Margry makes the case that secular pilgrim is an oxymoron and that more scholarly effort ought to be expended on identifying the limited but significant commonalities between tourism and pilgrimage. Olsen situates the discussion in relation to secularization and challenges Knox and Hannam's playful extension and multiplication of metaphors. Salazar undertakes an analysis of the emergence and development of metaphors in tourism studies to demonstrate their continued utility but also the ways in which they shape representations and understandings. The range of opinions here represents a sustained reconsideration of established terminologies.

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