Phase transformations during mechanical alloying of Fe–50% Al and subsequent heating of the milling product
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2005.12.077
Title: Phase transformations during mechanical alloying of Fe–50% Al and subsequent heating of the milling product
Journal Title: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume: 424
Publication Date: 9 November 2006
Start Page: 119
End Page: 127
Published online: online 3 July 2006
ISSN: 0925-8388
Author: M. Krasnowskia, A. Grabiasb, T. Kulika

  • a Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Woloska 141, 02-507 Warsaw, Poland

  • b Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, Wolczynska 133, Warsaw 01-919, Poland
  • Abstract: sh;aluminum alloy of Fe–50% Al composition was prepared by mechanical alloying (MA) of the elemental powders. Thermal behaviour of the milled powders was examined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The phase transformations and structural changes occurring in the studied material during mechanical alloying and during subsequent heating in a calorimeter were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The final product of the MA process was the nanocrystalline Fe(Al) solid solution with a mean crystallite size of 15 nm. It was found that the Fe(Al) solid solution was formed not by the gradual solution of Al into bcc Fe but by the rapid formation of small zones of Fe(Al) with the ultimate composition, coexisting with the remaining Al and Fe phases. With the increase of milling time all Al atoms became dissolved in the bcc Fe. The disordered Fe(Al) solid solution transformed into the ordered FeAl intermetallic compound upon heating of the milling product in the calorimeter. After the heating the material remained nanocrystalline. The Mössbauer study of the heated samples showed two types of Fe atomic configurations: the dominating one related to the ordered FeAl phase and the other one related to iron atoms located in less ordered regions.
    Accepted: 17 December 2005
    Received: 19 October 2005
    Revised: 15 December 2005
    Keywords: Nanostructured materials; Mechanical alloying; Phase transitions; X-ray diffraction; Mössbauer spectroscopy
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