Title: Repeated ingestion of aspartame-sweetened beverage: Effect on plasma amino acid concentrations in individuals heterozygous for phenylketonuria
Journal Title: Metabolism
Publication Date: January 1989
Start Page: 78
End Page: 84
Published online: online 2 April 2004
a Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA.
b Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA.
Abstract: een suggested that excessive use of aspartame (APM) (N-l-α-aspartyl-l-phenylalanine methyl ester) might grossly elevate plasma aspartate and phenylalanine concentrations in individuals heterozygous for phenylketonuria (PKUH). In study 1 six adult PKUH (three males; three females) ingested three successive 12-oz servings of beverage at 2-h intervals. The study was carried out in two parts in a randomized crossover design. In one arm the beverage was not sweetened. In the other the beverage provided 10 mg AMP/kg body weight per serving. The addition of APM to the beverage did not significantly increase plasma aspartate concentration but did increase plasma phenylalanine levels 2.3 to 4.1 μmol/dL above baseline values 30 to 45 min after each dose. The high mean plasma phenylalanine level after Repeated APM dosing (13.9 ± 2.15 μmol/dL) was slightly, but not significantly, above the normal postprandial range for PKUH (12.6 ± 2.11 μmol/dL). In study 2 six different adult PKUH ingested beverage providing 30 mg APM/kg body weight as a single bolus. The high mean plasma phenylalanine concentration and the phenylalanine to large neutral amino acid ratio were significantly higher when APM was ingested as a single bolus than when ingested as a divided dose.
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