Caractéristiques parentales et représentations du tempérament de l’enfant?: influence des traits de personnalité, des sympt?mes psychiatriques et de l’écologie familiale
DOI: 10.1016/j.neurenf.2008.01.014
Title: Caractéristiques parentales et représentations du tempérament de l’enfant?: influence des traits de personnalité, des sympt?mes psychiatriques et de l’écologie familiale
Journal Title: Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence
Volume: 56
Issue: 3
Publication Date: May 2008
Start Page: 155
End Page: 164
Published online: online 28 March 2008
ISSN: 0222-9617
Affiliations:

  • a Laboratoire CERPP Octogone, université de Toulouse-2, Le Mirail, 5, allées Antonio-Machado, 31058 Toulouse cedex 9, France

  • b Université Laval, Québec, Canada
  • Abstract: inal research in developmental psychopathology has indicated that extreme child temperament is often a precursor of later difficulties, especially if combined with inappropriate parental response. Parental assessments of temperament reveal pertinent information on the nature of the parent–child relationship. Numerous studies have shown that maternal psychiatric symptoms are strongly associated with mothers’ evaluation of their child as being of difficult temperament during the primary school age.The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of parental personality traits, psychiatric symptoms and family ecology on her representation of the child's temperament. Sixty parental couples of children aged between 12 and 20 months living in the region of Toulouse, France filled out the ICQ temperament questionnaire, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Psychiatric Symptom Check-List Revised.Results indicate that maternal personality trait of “extraversion” and psychiatric symptoms of “obsession”, “depression”, “psychosis”, “anxiety” and “hostility” are significantly associated with mothers’ representation of their children as being of difficult temperament. Examination of fathers’ responses indicated that only three psychiatric symptoms were associated with their representation of their child as difficult: “depression”, “personal sensitivity” and “obsession”. Parental representations of children's temperament are linked in part to actual characteristics of the child, but also to the personality profile and mental health of the evaluating parent. Parental perception of a difficult child temperament reveals risk of interactions problems between them.
    Email: sylvieduthu@yahoo.fr

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